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The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas
877.MDA.6789 (General Information)
800.392.1611 or 713.792.6161 (New Patient Referral Office)

www.mdanderson.org

Genetic Counseling and Testing Service

Introduction

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center offers cancer genetic counseling and testing services through the Clinical Cancer Genetics Program. MD Anderson patients are seen in genetic counseling clinics within the Breast, Gynecology, Gastrointestinal, Endocrinology, and Cancer Prevention Centers. These programs all provide comprehensive risk assessment and genetic counseling services to individuals and their family members. Persons affected with cancer as well as those unaffected by cancer are counseled.

Services include risk assessment and counseling; discussion of options for risk management, cancer screening, and surveillance; and, when appropriate, genetic testing, reproductive risk counseling, coordination of patient care, and opportunities to participate in research protocols. The clinical services are provided by a multidisciplinary team, which includes board-certified and board-eligible genetic counselors as well as physicians with expertise in gynecology, gastroenterology, surgery, oncology, and endocrinology. Individuals found to be at high risk for cancer are offered follow-up in high risk cancer screening clinics at MD Anderson.

Location

Houston, Texas

Directors, Clinical Cancer Genetics Program

Banu Arun, MD

Karen Lu, MD

Schedule Appointments

713.745.7391

MD Anderson provides a full range of genetic counseling, testing, screening, and research. The components of the comprehensive genetic counseling and genetic testing program include:

Intake Process

Physician and Community Awareness

Members of the MD Anderson Clinical Cancer Genetics program provide continuing education for physicians, nurses, and other health care providers on topics related to hereditary cancer identification, risk assessment, and management. Continuing education is provided through grand rounds, in-services, and presentations given throughout Texas through physician and nurse oncology education programs. Presentations on hereditary cancer are also given to cancer support groups and other community organizations.

Patient Education

MD Anderson operates The Learning Center, a free consumer health information center that offers high-tech computer databases and traditional information sources to help patrons learn about reducing cancer risks.

Referral

Individuals interested in genetic counseling and testing services may self-refer by calling Clinical Cancer Genetics at 713.745.7391. In addition, referrals are made via healthcare professionals within the institution and from those outside the institution. All inquiries to the MD Anderson system for genetic counseling services are reviewed by Clinical Cancer Genetics and triaged to the appropriate team.

Identify Eligible Subjects

Multidisciplinary teams with expertise in inherited breast and ovarian cancer syndromes, hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes, multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes, and other cancer syndromes are available to provide comprehensive services. Each team obtains initial intake information and a comprehensive medical/social and family history. The family history is often obtained before the first appointment via telephone or using a family history questionnaire. Clients may be requested to bring medical records or pathology reports before the initial visit.

Pre-test Counseling and Risk Assessment

Comprehensive risk assessment and cancer genetic counseling services are provided by physicians and master's-level trained genetic counselors who are experts in hereditary cancer. Individuals and families are educated about the risk of developing cancer based on their personal and family history. Discussion includes a review of the benefits and risks of genetic testing when appropriate, surveillance measures, and available options for prevention. When the option of genetic testing is pursued, a thorough informed consent process is followed (see below).

Informed Consent Procedures

The informed consent process is incorporated into the counseling session. Discussions include:

the type of test involved

the purpose of the test

the specific implications of positive, negative, and inconclusive test results

potential benefits of testing

options and limitations of cancer surveillance and prevention following testing

potential risks and limitations of genetic testing (confidentiality, adverse psychosocial sequelae, and discrimination issues)

cost and availability of testing

Testing

Confidentiality Standards

Genetic consultation reports and genetic test results are documented in patients' MD Anderson medical record. All medical records at MD Anderson are confidential, and the institution strictly adheres to all relevant federal and state laws regarding the confidentiality of medical records.

Testing

Genetic tests for mutations in cancer susceptibility genes, which are ordered for MD Anderson patients, are generally performed by either licensed commercial labs or institutional labs with CAP/CLIA accreditation. Relevant tumor studies (microsatellite instability and immunohistochemistry) are done in-house by the Department of Pathology. Testing is occasionally done in research laboratories. Should such research laboratory testing identify a mutation, clinical confirmation through a CLIA-certified lab is recommended.

Available Testing at or Through MD Anderson

Cancer/Syndrome Gene___________

Hereditary Breast & Ovarian Cancer

BRCA1 & BRCA2

Li-Fraumeni Syndrome

TP53

Hereditary Retinoblastoma

RB

Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)

APC

MYH-Associated Polyposis MYH

Lynch Syndrome/HNPCC

MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN2)

RET

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN1)

MEN1

Hereditary Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma

SDHB, SDHC, SDHD

Neurofibromatosis

NF1, NF2

von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome (VHL)

VHL

Cowden Syndrome

PTEN

Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

STK11/LKB1

Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome

BMPR1A/SMAD4

Other relevant hereditary cancer predisposition genetic tests may be ordered as appropriate and when clinically available.

Laboratory Quality Assurance

MD Anderson clinical laboratories are CAP/CLIA accredited.

Test Result Interpretation

The multidisciplinary genetics team interprets the laboratory test results in the context of the client's personal and family history. Current literature and specific mutation databases are used in estimating the individual's risk for developing cancer.

Post-Test Counseling and Follow-Up

Post-test Counseling

Test results are generally disclosed in a face-to-face follow-up counseling visit. The client's risk for developing cancer and options for managing the risk are reviewed and discussed. The counseling team assists the client in coping with test results; discusses decisions and approaches to communication of test results to other health care providers, family members, and others; and helps the client develop a plan for follow-up.

Cancer Screening

The genetic counseling team offers recommendations to the client regarding appropriate screening and surveillance approaches based on his or her specific risk. Discussions include the recommended frequency for the given procedure/test and the data available to show efficacy and potential risks of the screening modality. Clients are offered follow-up, as appropriate, in the MD Anderson high-risk breast, ovarian, and/or GI screening clinics.

Medical and Surgical Management

Medical and surgical options such as chemoprevention studies or prophylactic surgery for management of increased risk for developing cancer are reviewed at length with clients. These services are readily available within the institution and there are also mechanisms to refer clients to other NCCN institutions as appropriate.

Psychological and Supportive Services

Mechanisms for referrals for psychological and supportive counseling as well as specialized medical services are in place. For some individuals, referral to a support or peer group is beneficial.

Research

MD Anderson also offers ongoing clinical trials to answer important questions related to genetic testing, prevention, and early detection of cancer. Please visit www.mdanderson.org for more detailed information on all of these studies.

Identifying New Genes

Mutation in Childhood Cancer: Implications of a Model-a clinical research study aimed to find out why some people develop cancers and tumors, why some families have more cancers than others, and whether certain genes or regions of DNA affect a person's risk of getting cancer.

Improving Counseling Methods

MD Anderson is embarking on multiple efforts to extend genetic counseling and genetic testing to both rural and county hospital populations.

Improving Testing Methods

Clinical and Predictive Genetic Testing for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) Syndrome-The goal of this research study is to confirm a diagnosis of MEN1 in individuals through genetic testing. Researchers also want to find out if there are patterns between specific changes in genes and the severity of the disease.

Running Chemoprevention Trials

HNPCC and Endometrial Cancer: Chemoprevention Using the Oral Contraceptive vs. Depo-Provera-The goal of this randomized clinical research study is to study the effects of these agents on the endometrial lining in women with HNPCC after three months of using the oral contraceptive Lo-Ovral or Depo-Provera.

A Two-Arm Phase II Chemoprevention Trial in Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Patients-The goal of this clinical research study is to compare the effects of Celebrex (celexocib) alone with celecoxib plus DFMO on the growth of polyps in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The safety of combining the two drugs will also be studied.

Discovering Clinical Treatments for Genetic Disorders

A Phase 2 study of SU011248 in von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome. The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if sunitinib malate (SU011248) can help to control VHL. The safety of this drug will also be studied.

Tracking Long-Term Results of Prophylactic Surgeries, Medical Surveillance Choices, and Preventative Interventions

Prospective Follow-Up of Women Who are at Increased Risk for Developing Breast Cancer-A follow-up research study that monitors women who have developed breast cancer or who are at increased risk to develop breast cancer and checks for any changes in their breast-related health. The aim of this study is to identify certain factors that may play a role in breast cancer development in high-risk women.

Prospective Study of Risk-Reducing Salpingo-Oophorectomy and Longitudinal CA-125 Screening Among Women at Increased Genetic Risk of Ovarian Cancer-The goal of this clinical research study is to learn more about how to care for women who are at increased risk of ovarian cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are the two genes that cause most of the genetic forms of ovarian cancer, and women with changes (mutations) in these genes are more likely to get ovarian cancer than women without changed BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes.

Familial and National Registries

Prospective Follow-up of Women Who are at Increased Risk for Developing Breast Cancer-A follow-up research study that monitors women who have developed breast cancer or who are at increased risk to develop breast cancer and checks for any changes in their breast-related health. The aim of this study is to identify certain factors that may play a role in breast cancer development in high-risk women.

Other Components of Genetic Services:

Quality Assurance

Hereditary cancer services are provided through established MD Anderson clinical centers, and adhere to all relevant quality control procedures. Multidisciplinary case conferences are held weekly to allow for input from all members of the multidisciplinary team.

Training

MD Anderson offers opportunities for advanced training and collaborative research including molecular genetics, genetic epidemiology, behavioral and psychosocial issues related to cancer, cytogenetics, clinical genetics, and cancer pain management. Graduate training in genetic counseling is provided at MD Anderson through its collaboration with The University of Texas Graduate School for Biomedical Sciences.