NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Caring for Adolescents and Young Adults - page 55

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Caring for Adolescents and Young Adults
Version 2013
Part 5: Understanding your treatment options
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Table 4. Chemotherapy drugs
Drug Class
What They Do
Alkylating agents
Damage DNA so cancer cells can’t multiply
Antimetabolites
Kill cancer cells by getting in the way of the
“building blocks” of DNA
Anticancer antibiotics
Interfere with enzymes that help cancer cells build DNA
Plant alkaloids
Block mechanisms that help cancer cells to divide
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