NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Colon Cancer - page 26

24
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2014
Colon cancer is a serious disease
that can be treated. The main types
of treatment are briefly described in
Part 4. This information may help you
understand the treatment options
presented in Parts 5 through 7.
Surgical treatment
Colectomy
Some colon cancers grow beyond the polyp and into
the colon wall. In many of these cases, a colectomy is
done to remove that part of the colon. After removing
part of the colon, the two ends of the remaining colon
are sewn or stapled back together.
For some people, the cancer site may be marked
with a tattoo before surgery. The tattoo allows your
surgeon to find the cancer site after the polyp has
been removed. Marking isn’t always needed. For
example, marking isn’t done if the cancer site can be
easily found.
There are a few steps to prepare for the surgery. You
may need to stop taking some medications to reduce
the risk of severe bleeding. Eating less, changing to
a liquid diet, or using enemas or laxatives will empty
your colon for surgery. Right before surgery, you will
be given general anesthesia.
A colectomy may be done with either an open or a
laparoscopic method. The open approach removes
tissue through a large cut in your abdomen. The
laparoscopic method involves making a few small
4
Overview of cancer
treatments
24 Surgical treatment
25 Ablation
25 Radiation therapy
26 Chemotherapy
28 Targeted therapy
30 Clinical trials
32 Review
1...,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25 27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,...88
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