NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Colon Cancer - page 29

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2014
27
4
Overview of cancer treatments Chemotherapy
Most chemotherapy drugs for colon cancer are liquids
that are injected into your body. Only capecitabine is
in pill form. A slow injection is called infusion. Bolus
injections are fast.
The side effects of chemotherapy can differ between
people. Some people have many side effects. Others
have few. Some side effects can be very serious
while others can be unpleasant but not serious. Side
effects of chemotherapy depend on the drug type,
amount taken, length of treatment, and the person.
In general, side effects are caused by the death of
fast-growing normal cells. These cells are found in the
gut, mouth, blood, and hair follicles. Thus, common
side effects of chemotherapy include low blood
cell counts, not feeling hungry, nausea, vomiting,
diarrhea, hair loss, and mouth sores. Please ask your
treatment team for a complete list of known common
and rare side effects.
Chart 4.2 Single agents and combination
regimens for colon cancer
Agent or regimen
Generic (chemical) name
5-FU/LV
5-FU = fluorouracil
LV = leucovorin
Capecitabine alone Capecitabine
CapeOX
Cape = capecitabine
OX = oxaliplatin
FLOX
F = fluorouracil
L = leucovorin
OX = oxaliplatin
FOLFLOX
FOL = leucovorin
F = fluorouracil
OX = oxaliplatin
FOLFOXIRI
FOL = leucovorin
F = fluorouracil
OX = oxaliplatin
IRI = irinotecan
IROX
IR = irinotecan
OX = oxaliplatin
1...,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28 30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,...88
Powered by FlippingBook