NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Colon Cancer - page 34

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2014
32
4
Overview of cancer treatments Review
Review
• A colectomy is an operation that removes
the part of the colon with cancer. A
lymphadenectomy is the removal of lymph
nodes and a metastasectomy is the removal
of metastases.
• Ablation and radiation therapy are sometimes
used to treat colon cancer.
• Chemotherapy is a class of drugs that stops
cells from completing their growth cycle.
• Targeted therapy stops the action of
molecules that aid the growth of cancer cells.
• Clinical trials give people access to new tests
and treatments.
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