NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Colon Cancer
Part 8: Dictionary
A protein present in babies growing in
the womb or when cancer forms.
The “building blocks” of tissues in
Drugs used to kill cancer cells.
The part of the cell’s nucleus that
contains deoxyribonucleic acid.
A cancer stage given by a doctor
A type of research that compares
new treatments to the best current
treatment to find out which is better.
It may also compare different methods
to prevent or diagnose disease.
Surgery to remove a part of
An organ in the digestive system that
changes eaten food from a liquid into
a solid form.
A thin, long tube with a light and
camera used to see the colon.
Insertion of a thin tool into the colon
to view or remove tissue.
Surgery to connect a part of the colon
to the outside of the abdomen.
Treatments given alongside of
standard-of care treatments.
Complete blood count
A medical test that determines the
number of red blood cells, white
blood cells, and platelets in a
sample of blood.
Computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view
Conformal external beam radiation
Radiotherapy that uses beams that
match the shape of the tumor.
Supportive and binding fibers.
A dye put into the body to make better
pictures during imaging tests.
Research participants who don’t
receive a new treatment.
Treatments given to qualify a person
An inflammatory disease.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
The part of a cell containing genetic
information to build new cells.
The third part of the colon along the
left side of the body.
To identify a disease.
A set of organs in the body that
changes food into small parts for the
body to use as energy.
Surgery to attach the colon to the
surface of the abdomen.