NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Colon Cancer
Surgery to remove a polyp during a
Injection of liquid into the rectum to
clear the bowel.
Tissue that lines the colon wall.
The tube-shaped digestive organ
between the mouth and stomach.
External beam radiotherapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a
machine outside the body.
Familial adenomatous polyposis
An inherited medical condition that
increases the odds of colon cancer.
Severe tiredness despite getting
enough sleep that limits one’s ability
Unused food passed out of the body;
also called stool.
The first treatment given.
Insertion of a thin tool into the sigmoid
colon to view or remove tissue.
A medical tool shaped like tongs used
to grab and cut tissue.
Tumor is removed in pieces during
A controlled loss of consciousness
Instructions in cells for building new
cells and controlling cell behavior.
A medical problem caused by
A genetic condition that causes high
Gray units (Gy)
A measure of radiation dose.
Guaiac stool test
A test that finds hidden blood
Another name for the intestine;
also called the bowel.
The type of cancer based on the
traits of the cells.
A polyp that grows fast and is often
found in the last part of the colon.
Medical tests that take pictures of the
inside of the body.
The body’s natural defense against
Inflammatory bowel disease
A medical condition that causes the
intestine to swell.
Informed consent form (ICF)
A document describing a study and
requiring a signature from participants
The slow injection of a drug.
In situ polyp
Cancer cells in a polyp that have not
spread beyond the mucosa of the
Part 8: Dictionary