NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Colon Cancer
Part 8: Dictionary
Radiotherapy that uses small beams
of different intensities.
Radiation therapy received from a
radioactive object placed near or in
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT)
Radiotherapy given during surgery.
Invasive colon cancer
Cancer cells that have spread through
the submucosa of the colon wall.
Instructions in a cell for making
Connective tissue within the mucosa
of the colon wall.
A thin, long tube with a light and
camera used to see the abdomen.
Surgery with a thin tool inserted
through a small cut into the body.
The digestive organ that prepares
unused food for leaving the body.
Drugs used to clean out the intestines.
Holes in the colon from the tumor.
A clear fluid containing white
Small groups of special immune cells
located throughout the body.
Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph
throughout the body.
Relating to the system made up of
lymph, lymph nodes, and lymph
Surgery to remove lymph nodes.
Swelling due to buildup of lymph.
Spread of cancer into lymph or
An inherited medical condition that
increases the odds of colon cancer.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and
powerful magnets to view the parts of
the body and how they are working.
The presence or absence of cancer
cells in the normal-looking tissue near
Soft tissue found in the center
A doctor who specializes in all types
A double layer of peritoneum attached
to digestive organs.
Metastases that occur after colon