NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Colon Cancer
The growth of cancer beyond
Abnormal changes in a DNA part that
happen when DNA is making a copy
The opening at the start of the
digestive system that allows food to
The first, inner layer of the
A sticky, thick liquid that moisturizes
A thin layer of muscle within the
mucosa of the colon wall.
The third layer of the colon wall made
mostly of muscle.
Abnormal changes in genes.
An inherited medical condition that
increases the odds of colon cancer.
Insertion of a needle into the tumor to
remove tissue for testing.
Treatments given before the primary
Not connected to the peritoneum.
The control center of gene activity
within a cell.
Surgery with a knife done through a
large cut into the body.
A cancer stage given by a pathologist
based on surgery samples.
A doctor who specializes in testing
cells to identify disease.
A polyp shaped like a mushroom
with a stalk.
A hole made in body tissue.
Lymph nodes near the colon.
Spread of cancer into nearby nerves.
Lymph nodes near the rectum.
The lining of the abdomen.
A type of blood cell responsible for
An extra growth of tissue from the
epithelium of the colon wall.
Surgery to remove a polyp.
Portal vein embolization
The blood vessel to the liver tumor is
blocked causing the healthy part of the
liver to grow larger.
Positive lymph nodes
Lymph nodes with cancer cells.
Part 8: Dictionary