NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Colon Cancer, Version 1.2014
A sticky, thick liquid that moisturizes or lubricates.
A thin layer of muscle within the mucosa of the colon wall.
The third layer of the colon wall made mostly of muscle.
Abnormal changes in genes.
A period of testing for cancer growth.
Surgery to remove part of the colon through a large cut into
The outer layer of tissue lining around the abdomen.
A rating of the extent of cancer based on tests given after
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
A polyp shaped like a mushroom with a stalk.
The area between the hip bones.
Spread of cancer into nearby nerves.
An extra growth of tissue from the epithelium of the colon
portal vein embolization
The blood vessel to the liver tumor is blocked causing the
healthy part of the liver to grow larger.
positron emission tomography/computed
A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to view the
shape and function of organs and tissues.
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
The pattern and outcome of a disease.
The growth or spread of cancer after being tested or treated.
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
A doctor who specializes in reading imaging tests.
An organ in the digestive system that holds stool until
expelled from the body.
The return of cancer after a disease-free period.
The outer layer, in some places, of the colon wall that makes
fluid so that organs can slide against one another; also called
the visceral peritoneum.
A polyp that is flat.
An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response
The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.
Unused food passed out of the body; also called feces.
The second layer of the colon wall made mostly of
A thin layer of connective tissue that makes fluid.
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
A protein found in the membrane of cells.
The normal tissue around the edge of a tumor that is
removed during surgery.