NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Part 4: Overview of cancer treatments
Surgery causes pain, swelling, and scars. Pain and
swelling often fade away in the weeks following surgery.
Less often, food may leak from the esophagus into the
chest and cause pain. Food may not quickly pass through
the stomach and cause nausea and vomiting. Your
esophagus may become narrow after surgery and cause
problems with swallowing. As with any surgery, there is a
chance of infection, heart attack, or a blood clot.
Order of treatments
Most people with lung cancer will have more than one treatment. When and why treatments are given can be hard
to understand. Part 7 gives full details. Here, the terms that describe the order of treatments are explained.
Neoadjuvant treatment is used
to shrink large tumors before
The main treatment used to rid
your body of cancer is called
the primary treatment.
Adjuvant treatment is given
to kill any cancer cells left
behind after primary treatment
given to cure the disease.