NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Esophageal Cancer - page 38

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Version 1.2013
Part 4: Overview of cancer treatments
American Cancer Society
Esophageal Cancer Awareness Association
National Cancer Institute
Review of Part 4
Endoscopic treatment uses small tools to remove or destroy small tumors.
An esophagectomy removes some or all of the esophagus along with nearby lymph nodes.
Radiation kills cancer cells or stops new cancer cells from being made.
Drugs can be used to kill cancer cells anywhere in the body.
Chemotherapy drugs stop the growth process of cells in a growth phase.
Targeted therapy drugs stop cancer cells from getting signals to grow.
All cancer treatments can cause side effects.
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