NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Part 8: Dictionary
The belly area between the chest and
Treatment that destroys very small
Cancer of cells that make fluids or
A treatment given after the main
treatment used to cure disease.
The fourth layer of the esophageal
Treatments used in place of standard
Loss of feeling with or without loss of
wakefulness that is caused by drugs.
A large vein on the right side of the
spine within the chest.
The presence of stomach cells within
the lining of the esophagus.
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Blood chemistry test
Measurement of the amount of
chemicals in the blood.
The two airways extending from the
windpipe into the lungs.
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the mouth.
Use of a thin tool guided down the
throat into the lungs.
Ratings of the growth and spread of
Firm, flexible, supportive tissue at the
base of the windpipe.
The “building blocks” of tissues in the
Drugs that stop the growth process of
cells in an active growth phase.
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests before treatment.
Research on a test or treatment to
assess its safety or how well it works.
The use of two or more drugs.
Treatment given along with standard
Complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
Computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view body