NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Esophageal Cancer - page 88

88
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Esophageal Cancer
Version 1.2013
Part 8: Dictionary
Abdomen
The belly area between the chest and
pelvis.
Ablation
Treatment that destroys very small
tumors.
Adenocarcinoma
Cancer of cells that make fluids or
hormones.
Adjuvant treatment
A treatment given after the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Adventitia
The fourth layer of the esophageal
wall.
Alternative medicine
Treatments used in place of standard
treatments.
Anesthesia
Loss of feeling with or without loss of
wakefulness that is caused by drugs.
Azygos vein
A large vein on the right side of the
spine within the chest.
Barrett’s esophagus
The presence of stomach cells within
the lining of the esophagus.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Blood chemistry test
Measurement of the amount of
chemicals in the blood.
Bronchi
The two airways extending from the
windpipe into the lungs.
Bronchoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the mouth.
Bronchoscopy
Use of a thin tool guided down the
throat into the lungs.
Cancer stages
Ratings of the growth and spread of
tumors. 
Carina
Firm, flexible, supportive tissue at the
base of the windpipe.
Cells
The “building blocks” of tissues in the
body.
Chemotherapy
Drugs that stop the growth process of
cells in an active growth phase.
Clinical stage
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests before treatment.
Clinical trial
Research on a test or treatment to
assess its safety or how well it works.
Combination regimen
The use of two or more drugs.
Complementary medicines
Treatment given along with standard
treatment.
Complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
Computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view body
parts.
1...,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87 89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,...100
Powered by FlippingBook