NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Part 8: Dictionary
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A dye put into your body to make
clearer pictures during imaging tests.
Treatment that kills cancer cells by
A sheet of muscles below the ribs that
helps a person to breathe.
A set of organs that breaks down food
for the body to use.
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to a far site.
Difficult or painful swallowing.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology
Group (ECOG) Performance Scale
A rating scale of one’s ability to do
Small devices that transmit electricity.
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the mouth.
Endoscopic mucosal resection
Treatment that removes small tumors
with tools guided down the throat.
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)
A device guided down your throat to
make pictures using sound waves.
Epidermal growth factor receptor
A protein on the edge of a cell that
send signals for the cell to grow.
Tissue that lines the esophageal wall.
Removal of all or part of the
Removal of the esophagus and some
of the stomach.
The area where the esophagus and
The tube-shaped organ between the
throat and stomach.
External beam radiation therapy
Radiation therapy received from a
machine outside the body.
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
Removal of a tissue sample with a
A doctor who’s an expert in digestive
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Frequent back wash of stomach
contents into the esophagus.
A controlled loss of wakefulness from
Instructions in cells for making and