NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Esophageal Cancer - page 89

89
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Esophageal Cancer
Version 1.2013
Part 8: Dictionary
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Contrast
A dye put into your body to make
clearer pictures during imaging tests.
Cryoablation
Treatment that kills cancer cells by
freezing them.
Diaphragm
A sheet of muscles below the ribs that
helps a person to breathe.
Digestive system
A set of organs that breaks down food
for the body to use.
Distant metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to a far site.
Dysphagia
Difficult or painful swallowing.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology
Group (ECOG) Performance Scale
A rating scale of one’s ability to do
daily activities.
Electrodes
Small devices that transmit electricity.
Endoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the mouth.
Endoscopic mucosal resection
(EMR)
Treatment that removes small tumors
with tools guided down the throat.
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)
A device guided down your throat to
make pictures using sound waves.
Epidermal growth factor receptor
(EGFR)
A protein on the edge of a cell that
send signals for the cell to grow.
Epithelium
Tissue that lines the esophageal wall.
Esophagectomy
Removal of all or part of the
esophagus.
Esophagogastrectomy
Removal of the esophagus and some
of the stomach.
Esophagogastric junction
The area where the esophagus and
stomach join.
Esophagus
The tube-shaped organ between the
throat and stomach.
External beam radiation therapy
(EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a
machine outside the body.
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
Removal of a tissue sample with a
small needle.
Gastroenterologist
A doctor who’s an expert in digestive
diseases.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
(GERD)
Frequent back wash of stomach
contents into the esophagus.
General anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from
drugs.
Genes
Instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
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