NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Part 8: Dictionary
Cells that make fluids or hormones.
High-grade dysplasia (HGD)
A pre-cancerous change in cells.
A rating of how much cancer cells look
like normal cells.
Study of cells to classify the disease.
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by
the body ridding itself of an invader.
Human epidermal growth factor
receptor 2 (HER2)
A protein on the edge of a cell that
send signals for the cell to grow.
Image-guided radiation therapy
Radiation therapy that uses imaging
tests during treatment to better target
A lab test of cancer cells to find
specific cell traits involved in abnormal
Inferior pulmonary vein
A vein the returns blood from the
lungs back to the heart.
In situ hybridization (ISH)
A lab test that shows the number of a
The tube-like organ between the
stomach and anus.
Jejunostomy tube (J-tube)
A feeding tube that is inserted though
a cut into the intestine.
Karnofsky scale of Performance
A rating scale of one’s ability to do
Connective tissue within the mucosa
of the esophageal wall.
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is inserted through a cut into the belly
Use of a thin tool inserted into the
Cooling of the chemical, nitrogen, to a
A controlled loss of feeling in a small
area of the body from drugs.
A clear fluid containing white blood
Small groups of special immune cells
located throughout the body.
All health events and medications
taken to date.
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer
A tool that uses lenses to see things
the eyes can’t.