NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Esophageal Cancer - page 91

91
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Esophageal Cancer
Version 1.2013
Part 8: Dictionary
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Minimally invasive esophagectomy
The use of small tools inserted
through small cuts to remove the
esophagus.
Mucosa
The first, inner layer of the
esophageal wall.
Muscularis mucosae
A thin layer of muscle within the
mucosa of the esophageal wall.
Muscularis propria
The third layer of the esophageal wall
made mostly of muscle.
Nasogastric tube
A feeding tube that is inserted down
the nose and into the stomach.
Neoadjuvant treatment
The treatment given before the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Nodules
Small lumps of tissue.
Nutritionist
An expert in healthy foods and drinks.
Observation
A period of testing for cancer growth.
Oncology surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer
surgery.
Pathologic stage
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests after treatment.
Pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells to find disease.
Pelvis
The area of the body between the hip
bones.
Percutaneous endoscopic
gastrostomy (PEG)
A feeding tube inserted through a
small cut into the stomach.
Photodynamic therapy
Treatment with a laser that activates a
drug inside the tumor.
Physical exam
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
Positron emission tomography-
computed tomography (PET-CT)
A test that uses radioactive material
and x-rays to see the shape and
function of body parts.
Primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
Primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the
body.
Radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in radiation
treatment.
Radiation therapy
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Radiofrequency ablation
Treatment that kills cancer cells with
heat.
Radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
imaging tests.
Radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.
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