NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Part 8: Dictionary
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Minimally invasive esophagectomy
The use of small tools inserted
through small cuts to remove the
The first, inner layer of the
A thin layer of muscle within the
mucosa of the esophageal wall.
The third layer of the esophageal wall
made mostly of muscle.
A feeding tube that is inserted down
the nose and into the stomach.
The treatment given before the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Small lumps of tissue.
An expert in healthy foods and drinks.
A period of testing for cancer growth.
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests after treatment.
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells to find disease.
The area of the body between the hip
A feeding tube inserted through a
small cut into the stomach.
Treatment with a laser that activates a
drug inside the tumor.
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
Positron emission tomography-
computed tomography (PET-CT)
A test that uses radioactive material
and x-rays to see the shape and
function of body parts.
The main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
The first mass of cancer cells in the
A doctor who’s an expert in radiation
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Treatment that kills cancer cells with
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.