NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Esophageal Cancer - page 91

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
: Esophageal Cancer
Version 1.2013
Part 8: Dictionary
Par t 1
Par t 2
Par t 3
Par t 4
Par t 5
Par t 6
Par t 7
Par t 8
Par t 9
Minimally invasive esophagectomy
The use of small tools inserted
through small cuts to remove the
The first, inner layer of the
esophageal wall.
Muscularis mucosae
A thin layer of muscle within the
mucosa of the esophageal wall.
Muscularis propria
The third layer of the esophageal wall
made mostly of muscle.
Nasogastric tube
A feeding tube that is inserted down
the nose and into the stomach.
Neoadjuvant treatment
The treatment given before the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Small lumps of tissue.
An expert in healthy foods and drinks.
A period of testing for cancer growth.
Oncology surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in cancer
Pathologic stage
Rating the extent of a tumor based on
tests after treatment.
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells to find disease.
The area of the body between the hip
Percutaneous endoscopic
gastrostomy (PEG)
A feeding tube inserted through a
small cut into the stomach.
Photodynamic therapy
Treatment with a laser that activates a
drug inside the tumor.
Physical exam
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
Positron emission tomography-
computed tomography (PET-CT)
A test that uses radioactive material
and x-rays to see the shape and
function of body parts.
Primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
Primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the
Radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in radiation
Radiation therapy
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Radiofrequency ablation
Treatment that kills cancer cells with
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
imaging tests.
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.
1...,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90 92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100
Powered by FlippingBook