NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Esophageal Cancer - page 92

92
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Esophageal Cancer
Version 1.2013
Part 8: Dictionary
Recurrence
The return of cancer after treatment.
Sedative
A drug that helps a person to relax or
go to sleep.
Side effect
An unhealthy or unpleasant physical
or emotional response to treatment.
Simulation
The steps needed to prepare for
radiation therapy.
Single agent
The use of one drug.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer that starts in thin and flat cells
that line the surface of organs.
Standard open esophagectomy
Removal of the esophagus through
large cuts into the body.
Strip biopsy
The use of injections, tongs, and
snares to remove small tumors.
Submucosa
The second layer of the esophageal
wall made mostly of connective tissue.
Submucosal injection polypectomy
The use of injections and snares to
remove small tumors.
Supportive care
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Surface receptor
Proteins on the edge of a cell that
send signals for the cell to grow.
Surgical margin
The normal tissue around the tumor
removed during surgery.
Targeted therapy
Drugs that stop the growth process
specific to cancer cells.
Thoracic inlet
The center of a ring of bones at the
top of the ribcage.
Thoracoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is
inserted through a cut into the chest.
Trachea
The airway between the throat and
bronchi; also called the windpipe.
Transhiatal esophagectomy
Removal of the esophagus through
cuts in the belly area and chest.
Transthoracic esophagectomy
Removal of the esophagus through
cuts in the belly area and chest.
Upper gastrointestinal (GI)
endoscopy
Use of a thin tool guided down
the throat into the esophagus and
stomach.
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