NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Lung Cancer Screening - page 36

36
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Lung Cancer Screening
Version 1.2014
Part 7: Dictionary
Alkylating agent
A type of cancer-killing drug.
Arsenic
A very toxic metallic chemical.
Asbestos
A mineral fiber used in housing and
commercial materials.
Baseline test
A starting point to which future tests
are compared.
Benign
Tissue without cancer cells.
Beryllium
A hard, gray metallic chemical.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Bladder
An organ that holds and expels urine
from the body.
Board certified
A status to identify doctors who
finished training in a specialized field
of medicine.
Bronchi
The two airways extending from the
windpipe into the lungs.
Bronchoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the mouth.
Bronchoscopy
Use of a thin tool guided down the
mouth into the lungs.
Cadmium
A heavy metallic chemical.
Calcium
A mineral found in body tissues.
Cancer screening
The use of tests to find cancer before
signs of cancer appear.
Chromium
A hard, semi-gray metallic chemical.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD)
Trouble with breathing due to lung
damage or too much mucus.
Colon
An organ that changes eaten food
from a liquid into a solid form.
Computed tomography (CT)
A test that combines many x-rays
to make pictures of the inside of the
body.
Curative treatment
A medicine that cures disease or
symptoms.
Diesel fumes
Gases from fuel that is thick, heavy,
and made from crude oil.
Early stage
Cancer that has had little or no growth
into nearby tissues.
Electromagnetic
A force that attracts or repels and is
produced by an electric current.
Esophagus
The tube-shaped digestive organ
between the mouth and stomach.
Follow-up testing
A close watch by your doctors of
possible cancer using tests.
1...,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35 37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44
Powered by FlippingBook