NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Lung Cancer Screening - page 38

38
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Lung Cancer Screening
Version 1.2014
Part 7: Dictionary
Pulmonary fibrosis
Major scarring of lung tissue.
Pulmonologist
A doctor who’s an expert in lung
diseases.
Radiation therapy
Treatment with radiation.
Radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
imaging tests.
Radiotracer
Radioactive material used to make
images of the body.
Radon
A gas without odor, taste, or color that
is made from uranium as it decays.
Retractors
A tool that holds back the edges of a
surgical cut.
Risk factor
Something that increases the chance
of getting a disease.
Scar tissue
Supportive fibers formed to heal a
wound.
Second-hand smoke
Inhaled smoke from a lit smoking
product or that was exhaled from a
smoker.
Sedative
A drug that helps a person relax or go
to sleep.
Segmentectomy
Surgical removal of a large part of a
lobe.
Silica
A natural mineral mostly found in
sand.
Small-cell lung cancer
Lung cancer of small, round cells.
Solid nodule
A small mass of tissue of high density.
Surgery
An operation to remove or repair
tissue.
Surgical margin
The normal tissue around the tumor
removed during surgery.
Thoracic surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in surgery
within the chest.
Thoracotomy
Surgery done through a large cut to
remove all or part of the lungs.
Tumor
A mass of cells.
Uranium
A silvery-white metallic chemical.
Video-assisted thoracic surgery
(VATS)
Use of thin tools inserted between the
ribs to do work in the chest.
Wedge resection
Surgical removal of a small part of a
lobe.
Wheezing
A coarse, whistling sound while
breathing.
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