NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 100

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Melanoma, Version 1.2014
98
Glossary
Dictionary
skin biopsy
Removal of a sample of tissue from the skin to test for
disease.
skin exam
A careful review of the skin to check for abnormal-looking
spots that may be signs of skin cancer.
spleen
An organ to the left of the stomach that helps protect the
body against disease.
staging
The process of rating and describing the extent of cancer in
the body.
stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)
A type of radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of
radiation to a small, specific area.
subcutaneous
Below the skin.
sun protection factor (SPF)
A rating of the level of protection sunscreen products provide
against the UV rays from the sun.
superficial
At, on, or near the top or surface.
superficial spreading melanoma
The most common type of melanoma; it grows slowly and
spreads from a mole.
supportive care
Treatment given to relieve the symptoms caused by cancer
or side effects caused by cancer treatment. Also called
palliative treatment.
surgery
An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.
surgical margin
The normal-looking tissue around the edge of a tumor
removed during surgery.
systemic therapy
Drugs used to treat cancer cells throughout the body.
targeted therapy
Drugs that specifically target and kill cancer cells.
treatment plan
A written course of action through cancer treatment and
beyond.
true local scar recurrence
Cancer not completely removed or destroyed by treatment,
with cancer cells found in or right next to the surgical
scar where the first melanoma was removed. Also called
persistent melanoma.
tumor
An overgrowth of cells.
tumor regression
A decrease in the size of the tumor.
ulceration
The tumor’s top skin layer is broken or missing.
ulceration status
Whether or not the tumor’s top skin layer is present and
intact (not ulcerated) or is broken or missing (ulcerated).
ulcerative colitis
Long-lasting inflammation that causes tears (ulcers) in the
lining of the colon (organ that changes eaten food from liquid
to solid).
ultrasound
A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the inside of
the body.
ultraviolet (UV) energy
Invisible light energy that comes from the sun and tanning
beds. UV energy has a wavelength shorter than visible light
but longer than x-rays.
ultraviolet-A (UVA) energy
Long-wave invisible light energy that comes from the sun
and tanning beds.
ultraviolet-B (UVB) energy
Short-wave invisible light energy that comes from the sun
and in small amounts from tanning beds.
upstage
Changing the rating of the extent of cancer in the body—the
cancer stage—from a lower, less extensive stage to a higher,
more extensive stage.
vaccine therapy
A treatment used to help the immune system (the body’s
natural defense against disease) prevent a disease.
vemurafenib
A drug that treats melanoma by targeting a certain abnormal
change in the instructions in cells for making and controlling
cells.
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