NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 15

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Melanoma, Version 1.2014
13
1
About melanoma
Websites | Review
UVA (
u
ltra
v
iolet-
A
) and UVB (
u
ltra
v
iolet-
B
)
rays. Apply more sunscreen if you sweat or
after swimming since it may have come off.
Don’t use sunscreen to increase the time
spent in the sun. UV light can still reach the
skin when wearing sunscreen.
Wear wraparound sunglasses
with 99%
to 100% UVA and UVB protection. These
glasses provide the best protection for the eye
area.
Don’t use tanning beds.
These devices
expose skin to UV energy and are not safer
than sun exposure. Also, “getting a base tan”
at a salon will not prevent sunburn or lower
exposure to UV light.
Websites
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
Skin Cancer Foundation
American Academy of Dermatology
Review
• The skin has two layers. The top layer is the
epidermis. The second layer is the dermis.
• Cells that give skin its color—called melanocytes—
are in the top layer.
• Melanoma is a cancer of the cells that give skin its
color.
• Melanoma can spread throughout the body if it
grows into the second layer of skin.
• Your risk for melanoma is higher if your skin is fair,
freckled, or has many moles.
• Lower your cancer risk by using sun protection and
by not using tanning beds.
• Learn what skin cancer looks like so you can
check your skin often.
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