NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 37

37
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 4: Overview of melanoma treatments
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Definitions:
General anesthesia:
A controlled loss of
wakefulness from drugs
Lymph node:
Small
groups of special disease-
fighting cells located
throughout the body
Microscope:
A tool that
uses lenses to see things
the eyes can’t
Pathologist:
Doctor who’s
an expert in testing cells
and tissue to find disease
Regimen:
A treatment plan
that specifies the dosage,
schedule, and duration of
treatment
Surgical margin:
The
normal-looking tissue
around the edge of a tumor
removed during surgery
Table 2. Chemotherapy drugs for melanoma
Generic name
Brand name
Route given
Systemic treatment
Carboplatin
None
Liquid injected into a vein
Cisplatin
Platinol
®
Liquid injected into a vein
Dacarbazine
DTIC-Dome
®
Liquid injected into a vein
Paclitaxel
Taxol
®
Liquid injected into a vein
Temozolomide
Temodar
®
Pill that is swallowed or
liquid injected into a vein
Vinblastine sulfate
None
Liquid injected into a vein
Regional treatment
Melphalan
Alkeran
®
Isolated limb infusion/
perfusion
Chemotherapy is given in cycles of treatment days followed by days of rest.
These cycles vary in length depending on which drugs are used. Typically,
the cycles are 14, 21, or 28 days long. These cycles give the body a chance
to recover before the next treatment. Thus, a regimen of 3 to 6 months has
rest periods between treatments.
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