NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 88

88
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
ABCDE rule
A memory device for characteristics of
moles that might be cancer.
Abdomen
The belly area between the chest
and pelvis.
Ablative therapy
Treatment used to destroy a tumor
or organ.
Abnormal
Not normal.
Acral lentiginous melanoma
An uncommon type of melanoma
that looks like a bruise on the palms
of the hands or soles of the feet or
like a dark stripe in a nail.
Adjuvant treatment
Treatment given after the main
(primary) treatment.
Advance directive
Written statements about your wishes
for medical care should you become
unable to make these wishes known
at a later time.
Advanced melanoma
Cancer that has spread to other parts
of the body far away from the main
tumor.
Allergic reaction
Symptoms caused when the body is
trying to rid itself of invaders.
Alternative medicine
Treatments used in place of standard
treatments.
Anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling with or
without loss of wakefulness.
Angiolymphatic invasion
Cancer has spread into the lymph
vessels or bloodstream.
Asymmetry
One half or side of the mole does not
match the other half or side.
Atypical mole
A mole that looks different from a
normal or common mole.
Autoimmune disorder
A condition that causes the body’s
natural defense against infection and
disease (immune system) to attack
healthy tissue in the body.
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)
A germ similar to the one that causes
tuberculosis that is given to activate
the body’s natural defense against
disease (immune system).
Biochemotherapy
Combination treatment with
immunotherapy (drugs that boost
the body’s natural response to fight
disease) and chemotherapy (drugs
that kill fast-growing cells).
Biological therapy
Treatment that boosts the body’s
natural defense against disease.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Blood test
A test that checks for signs of disease
in the blood.
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