NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 90

90
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
Dermal mitotic rate
A measure of how many cancer cells
are actually growing and dividing.
Dermatologist
A doctor who’s an expert in diseases
of the skin.
Dermatopathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
skin cells and tissues for disease.
Dermis
The second layer of skin that is
beneath the top layer (epidermis).
Desmoplasia
Growth of dense connective tissue.
Desmoplastic melanoma
A melanoma tumor with dense
connective tissue.
Diagnose
To identify a disease.
Diagnosis
Identification of a disease.
Distant metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to a far site in the body.
Distant recurrence
Melanoma that came back after
treatment and cancer cells have
spread to tissues or organs beyond
the first melanoma and nearby lymph
nodes.
Edema
Swelling around tissues due to the
buildup of fluid.
Enlarged
Bigger in size than normal.
Epidermis
The outer layer of skin.
Excision (excise)
Removal by surgery.
Excisional biopsy
Surgery that removes the entire tumor
to test for cancer cells.
Excisional lymph node biopsy
Surgery that removes the entire
enlarged lymph node(s) to test for
cancer cells.
Excisional skin biopsy
Surgery that removes the entire skin
tumor to test for cancer cells.
External beam radiation therapy
(EBRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy
rays to destroy cancer cells) received
from a machine outside the body.
Extracapsular extension
The tumor has grown beyond the
edge of the organ into nearby tissue.
Fatigue
Severe tiredness despite getting
enough sleep that limits one’s ability
to function.
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy
Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or
tissue from the body to be tested for
disease.
First-line treatment
The first treatments given to treat
a disease.
Follow-up tests
Tests done after treatment to
check for signs that the cancer
has come back.
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