NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 91

91
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
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Genes
A set of coded instructions in cells
needed for making and controlling
cells.
General anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from
drugs.
Genetic marker
A specific feature or change in a gene
(the set of coded instructions in cells
for making and controlling cells).
Genetic test
Tests of the instructions in cells for
making and controlling cells.
Gland
A small organ that makes fluids or
chemicals the body needs.
Groin
The area of the body where the
thigh meets the lower belly area
(abdomen).
Gut
Another name for the intestine, which
is the organ food passes through after
leaving the stomach.
Histologic subtype
Grouping of cancer types based on
the traits of the cancer cells.
Hives
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by
the body ridding itself of an invader.
Hypodermis
Layer of fat and supporting tissues
under the second layer of skin
(dermis).
Imaging tests
Tests that make pictures (images) of
the inside of the body.
Imiquimod cream
A drug made as a cream that boosts
the body’s natural defense against
disease (immune system) response
against skin cancer cells.
Immune cells
Cells that are part of the body’s
natural defense against infection and
disease.
Immune suppression
The body’s natural defense against
infection and disease (immune
system) is weakened.
Immune system
The body’s natural defense against
infection and disease.
Immunotherapy
Treatment that activates or boosts
the body’s natural defense against
disease (immune system) to fight
cancer.
Incisional biopsy
Surgery that removes a tissue sample
from the tumor to test for cancer cells.
Incisional skin biopsy
Surgery that removes part of a skin
tumor to test for cancer cells.
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