NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 92

92
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
Informed consent form
A document describing a research
study that must be read, understood,
and signed by any person wanting
to join.
Infusion
A medical procedure that slowly
injects substances into the
bloodstream.
Interferon alfa
A drug used to activate the body’s
natural defense against disease
(immune system) to fight cancer cells.
Interleukin-2
A drug used to activate the body’s
natural defense against disease
(immune system) to fight cancer cells.
In-transit metastases (in-transit
disease)
Cancer that has spread into lymph
vessels more than 2 centimeters away
from the first tumor but not into lymph
nodes (groups of special disease-
fighting cells).
In-transit recurrence
Cancer that has come back after
treatment in lymph vessels more than
2 centimeters away from the first
tumor but not in lymph nodes (groups
of special disease-fighting cells).
Ipilimumab
A drug used to activate the body’s
natural defense against disease
(immune system) to fight cancer cells.
Isolated limb infusion/perfusion
Anticancer drugs are given directly
into an arm or leg in a way that they
don’t reach or affect the rest of the
body.
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
A substance found in the blood that is
involved in energy production in cells.
Laser therapy
Use of intense, narrow beams of
light or carbon dioxide to cut into the
surface of the skin and kill cancer
cells.
Lentigo maligna melanoma
The slowest growing type of
melanoma; it starts in sun-exposed
skin and is commonly mistaken for
a sunspot.
Lesion
An area of abnormal tissue that has
been damaged by disease or injury.
Limited metastatic disease
Cancer that has spread to one or a
few distant sites.
Liver
An organ that removes waste from the
blood.
Local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small
area of the body due to drugs being
administered to that area.
Local melanoma
Cancer cells haven’t spread beyond
the skin near the first (primary) tumor.
1...,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91 93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,...108
Powered by FlippingBook