NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 93

93
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
Par t 1
Par t 2
Par t 3
Par t 4
Par t 5
Par t 6
Par t 7
Par t 8
Par t 9
Local metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to a nearby site.
Local recurrence
Cancer that has come back after
treatment in or near the same place
as the first tumor.
Local treatment
Treatment that affects cells in one
small, specific part of the body only,
such as the tumor and nearby area.
Long-term side effect
An unplanned physical or emotional
response to treatment that continues
for months or years after finishing
treatment.
Lymph
A clear fluid containing white blood
cells that fight infection and disease.
Lymph node
Small groups of special disease-
fighting cells located throughout
the body.
Lymph node biopsy
Removal of all or part of a lymph node
(groups of special disease-fighting
cells located throughout the body) to
test for disease.
Lymph node dissection
Surgery to remove some or all lymph
nodes (groups of special disease-
fighting cells) from the area near the
tumor.
Lymph node recurrence
Cancer that has come back after
treatment and has spread to lymph
nodes (groups of special disease-
fighting cells).
Lymph vessels
Tubes that carry lymph—a clear fluid
containing white blood cells that fight
disease and infection—throughout
the body.
Lymphedema
Swelling due to buildup of a clear fluid
containing white blood cells (lymph).
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
scan
A test that uses radio waves and
powerful magnets to make pictures
of the inside of the body showing the
shape and function of body parts.
Malignant
Cancerous, growing out of control.
Medical history
All health events and medications
taken to date.
Medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating
cancer with drugs.
Medical skin exam
A careful examination of your skin by
a doctor to check for any areas that
look abnormal.
Melanin
A substance that gives color to
the skin.
1...,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92 94,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,103,...108
Powered by FlippingBook