NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 94

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Melanoma, Version 1.2014
92
Glossary
Dictionary
Dictionary
ABCDE rule
A memory device for characteristics of moles that might be
cancer.
abdomen
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
ablative therapy
Treatment used to destroy a tumor or organ.
abnormal
Not normal.
acral lentiginous melanoma
An uncommon type of melanoma that looks like a bruise
on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet or like a dark
stripe in a nail.
adjuvant treatment
Treatment given after the main (primary) treatment.
advanced melanoma
Cancer that has spread beyond the area near the main
tumor.
anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling with or without loss of
wakefulness.
anesthetic
A drug or other substance that causes a controlled loss of
feeling or awareness with or without loss of wakefulness.
angiolymphatic invasion
Melanoma has grown into (invaded) lymph or blood vessels.
asymmetry
One half or side of the mole does not match the other half or
side.
atypical mole
A mole that looks different from a normal or common mole.
autoimmune disorder
A condition in which the body’s natural defense against
infection and disease (immune system) attacks healthy
tissue in the body.
Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)
A germ similar to the one that causes tuberculosis that is
given to activate the immune system (the body’s natural
defense against disease).
baseline
A starting point to which future test results are compared.
biochemotherapy
Combination treatment with immunotherapy (drugs that
boost the body’s natural response to fight disease) and
chemotherapy (drugs that kill fast-growing cells).
biological therapy
Treatment that boosts the body’s natural defense against
disease.
biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue from your body to test
for disease.
blood test
A test that checks for signs of disease in the blood.
blood thinner
A medication given to prevent or treat blood clots.
blood vessel
A tube that carries blood throughout the body.
border irregularity
The edges (border) of the mole are ragged or notched.
Breslow thickness
A measure of how deep the melanoma tumor has grown into
the skin.
broad-spectrum sunscreen
A substance that protects the skin from the sun by blocking 2
types of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays—UVA and UVB.
cancer stage
Rating or description of the growth and spread of cancer in
the body.
carbon dioxide
A natural chemical gas that has no odor or color.
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