NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 95

95
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
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Node-negative melanoma
Cancer cells are not found in lymph
nodes (groups of special disease-
fighting cells located throughout the
body).
Node-negative recurrence
Cancer has come back after treatment
but has not spread to lymph nodes
(groups of special disease-fighting
cells located throughout the body).
Node-positive melanoma
Cancer cells are found in lymph nodes
(groups of special disease-fighting
cells located throughout the body).
Nodular melanoma
A type of melanoma that has a dome
shape and may grow more quickly
into the second layer of skin (dermis)
than other melanomas.
Nonmetastatic recurrence
Cancer that has come back after
treatment but has not spread to parts
of the body far away from the first
tumor.
Observation
A period of testing to check for signs
of cancer growth or recurrence.
Organ reserve
How well organs are working.
Palliative radiation therapy
Radiation therapy given to treat
symptoms caused by cancer.
Palliative treatment
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Also called supportive care.
Pathologic stage
A rating of the extent of melanoma
in the body based on tests of lymph
nodes and other tissue removed
during surgical treatment.
Pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells and tissue to find disease.
Pathology report
A document with information about
cancer cells and tissue that were
removed from the body and examined
with a microscope for disease.
Peginterferon alfa-2b
A long-acting type of interferon—a
drug used to activate the body’s
natural defense against disease.
Pelvis
The body area between the hip
bones.
Performance status
A rating of one’s ability to do daily
activities.
Peripheral margin status
Presence or absence of cancer cells
in the normal-looking tissue around
the sides of a tumor removed during
surgery.
Persistent melanoma
Cancer not completely removed or
destroyed by treatment; persistent
melanoma is found in or right next
to the surgical scar where the first
melanoma was removed. Also called
true local scar recurrence.
Physical exam
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
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