NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 96

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Melanoma, Version 1.2014
94
Glossary
Dictionary
general anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
genetic test
Tests of the instructions in cells for making and controlling
cells.
gland
An organ that makes fluids or chemicals the body needs.
groin
The area of the body where the thigh meets the lower belly
area (abdomen).
histologic subtype
Grouping of cancer types based on cancer cell qualities.
hormones
Chemicals in the body that activate cells or organs.
imaging tests
Tests that make pictures (images) of the inside of the body.
imiquimod cream
A drug made as a cream that boosts the immune system (the
body’s natural defense against disease) response against
skin cancer cells.
immune cells
Cells that are part of the body’s natural defense against
infection and disease.
immune system
The body’s natural defense against infection and disease.
immunotherapy
Treatment that activates or boosts the body’s natural defense
against disease (immune system) to fight cancer.
in situ
In its original place.
incisional biopsy
Surgery that removes part of the skin tumor or abnormal-
looking area (lesion) to test for cancer cells.
interferon alfa
A drug used to activate the body’s natural defense against
disease (immune system) to fight cancer cells.
interleukin-2 (IL-2)
A drug used to activate the body’s natural defense against
disease (immune system) to fight cancer cells.
intestine
The organ that eaten food passes through after leaving the
stomach.
in-transit metastases
Cancer that has spread into lymph vessels more than 2
centimeters away from the first tumor but not into lymph
nodes (groups of special disease-fighting cells).
in-transit recurrence
Cancer that has come back after treatment in lymph vessels
more than 2 centimeters away from the first tumor but not in
lymph nodes (groups of special disease-fighting cells).
ipilimumab
A drug used to activate the body’s natural defense against
disease (immune system) to fight cancer cells.
isolated limb infusion/perfusion
Anticancer drugs are given directly into an arm or leg in a
way that they don’t reach or affect the rest of the body.
kidneys
A pair of organs that filter blood and remove waste from the
body through urine.
lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
A substance found in the blood that is involved in energy
production in cells.
laser therapy
Use of intense, narrow beams of light or carbon dioxide to
cut into the surface of the skin and kill cancer cells.
lentigo maligna melanoma
The slowest growing type of melanoma; it starts in sun-
exposed skin and is commonly mistaken for a sunspot.
lesion
An area of abnormal tissue that has been damaged by
disease or injury.
limited metastatic disease
Cancer that has spread to one or a few distant sites.
liver
An organ that removes waste from the blood.
local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body due to
drugs being given in that area.
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