NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 97

97
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
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Risk factor
Something that increases the chance
of getting a disease.
Satellite metastases (satellite
disease)
Small melanoma tumors on the
skin near the first tumor, less than 2
centimeters away.
Satellite recurrence
Cancer that came back after treatment
and formed small melanoma tumors
on the skin near the first tumor (less
than 2 centimeters away), but outside
of the surgical scar.
Scar
A permanent mark on the skin after an
injury or surgery.
Screening tests
Testing done on a regular basis to
detect a disease that isn’t causing
symptoms.
Second-line treatment
The next treatment(s) given when the
first-line treatment fails.
Self-exam (skin)
A careful review of your own skin for
abnormal-looking spots that may be
signs of skin cancer.
Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Surgery to remove the first group of
special disease-fighting cells (lymph
node) to which cancer cells travel
after leaving the primary tumor.
Sentinel lymph node
The first lymph node (groups of
special disease-fighting cells) to which
cancer cells travel after leaving the
primary tumor.
Shave biopsy
Surgery that removes a thin tissue
sample from the top of a tumor to test
for cancer cells.
Short-term side effect
An unplanned physical or emotional
response to treatment that goes away
after treatment ends.
Side effect
An unplanned physical or emotional
response to treatment.
Single agent
The use of one drug.
Skin biopsy
Removal of a sample of tissue from
the skin to test for disease.
Skin exam
A careful review of the skin to check
for abnormal-looking spots that may
be signs of skin cancer.
Small bowel obstruction
A blockage in the small intestine—
the organ food passes through after
leaving the stomach.
Spleen
An organ to the left of the stomach
that helps protect the body against
disease.
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