NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 98

98
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Melanoma
Version 1.2013
Part 9: Dictionary
Staging
Grouping of cancer according to how
large the tumor is and how far the
cancer has spread in the body.
Standard of care
The process that a health professional
should follow to treat a medical
problem.
Subcutaneous
Below the skin.
Sun protection factor (SPF)
A rating of the level of protection
sunscreen products provide against
the UV rays from the sun.
Superficial
At, on, or near the top or surface.
Superficial spreading melanoma
The most common type of melanoma;
it grows slowly and spreads from a
mole.
Supportive care
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in operations
to remove or repair a part of the body.
Surgery
An operation to remove or repair a
part of the body.
Surgical margin
The normal-looking tissue around
the edge of a tumor removed during
surgery.
Symptom
A physical sign of a disease or health
condition.
Systemic treatment
Drugs used to treat cancer cells
throughout the body.
Targeted therapy
Drugs that specifically target and kill
cancer cells.
Treatment plan
A written course of action through
cancer treatment and beyond.
Treatment response
Outcome or improvement related to
treatment.
True local scar recurrence
Cancer not completely removed
or destroyed by treatment, with
cancer cells found in or right next
to the surgical scar where the first
melanoma was removed. Also called
persistent melanoma.
Tumor
An overgrowth of cells.
Tumor excision
Removal of a tumor with surgery.
Tumor regression
A decrease in the size of the tumor.
Ulcerated
The tumor’s top skin layer is broken
or missing.
Ulceration
The tumor’s top skin layer is broken
or missing.
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