NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma - page 99

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Melanoma, Version 1.2014
97
Glossary
Dictionary
protein
A chain of chemical compounds important to every cell in the
body.
punch biopsy
Removal of tissue using a sharp, hollow, round-shaped knife
in order to test it for disease.
pure desmoplasia
Presence or absence of dense connective tissue.
radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation.
radiation therapy
Use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
radioactive
Containing a powerful energy called radiation.
radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the body to make pictures
clearer.
recurrence
The return of cancer after treatment.
regimen
A treatment plan that specifies the dosage, schedule, and
duration of treatment.
regional lymph node recurrence
Cancer that has come back after treatment in lymph nodes
(groups of special disease-fighting cells) near the first
melanoma.
regional lymph nodes
Groups of special disease-fighting cells located near the
tumor.
regional melanoma
Cancer cells have spread from the first tumor to nearby
lymph vessels, lymph nodes (groups of special disease-
fighting cells), and/or nearby skin.
regional therapy
Treatment with cancer-killing drugs directed to a specific
area of the body such as an arm or leg.
rheumatoid arthritis
An autoimmune disorder that causes pain, swelling, and
stiffness in the joints.
risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS)
program
A program to monitor and manage serious side effects
(unplanned physical or emotional effects) of cancer
treatments.
risk factor
Something that increases the chance of getting a disease.
satellite metastases
Small melanoma tumors (satellites) in the skin within 2
centimeters from the first (primary) tumor.
satellite recurrence
Cancer that came back after treatment and formed small
melanoma tumors in the skin within 2 centimeters from the
first (primary) tumor, but outside of the surgical scar.
scar
A permanent mark on the skin after an injury or surgery.
screening tests
Testing done on a regular basis to detect a disease that isn’t
causing symptoms.
self-exam of skin
A careful review of your own skin for abnormal-looking spots
that may be signs of skin cancer.
sentinel lymph node
The first lymph node (groups of special disease-fighting
cells) to which lymph, and possibly a cancer cell, travels after
leaving the first (primary) tumor.
sentinel lymph node biopsy
Surgery to remove the first lymph node to which lymph, and
possibly a cancer cell, travels after leaving the first (primary)
tumor.
shave biopsy
Surgery that removes a thin tissue sample from the top of a
tumor to test for cancer cells.
short-term side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional condition
caused by treatment that goes away after treatment ends.
side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional condition
caused by treatment.
single agent
The use of one drug.
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