NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 44

44
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Version 1.2012
Part 9: Dictionary
Abdomen
The belly area between the chest and
pelvis.
Abrams needle biopsy
A biopsy with a type of needle
designed to limit the amount of air that
enters tissue.
Adjuvant treatment
A treatment given after the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Allergic reaction
Symptoms caused when the body is
trying to rid itself of invaders.
Amosite asbestos
Straight, brittle, needle-like asbestos
fibers.
Amphibole asbestos
A group of asbestos fibers that are
straight, needle-like, and brittle.
Anesthesia
Loss of feeling with or without loss of
wakefulness.
Artery
A tube that carries blood from the
heart to organs throughout the body.
Asbestos
A group of minerals made of tiny
fibers that are strong, flexible, and
resistant to heat.
Biomarker
A substance found in body fluid or
tissues that may be a sign of cancer.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Biphasic (mixed) subtype
A subtype of pleural mesothelioma
that has organized, structured cells
(epithelioid) and long, spindle-shaped,
disorganized cells (sarcomatoid).
Blood vessel
A tube that circulates blood
throughout the body.
Board-certified
A status to identify doctors who
finished training in a specialized field
of medicine.
Body plethysmograph
A test that measures how much air
your lungs can hold and how much air
is in your lungs after you exhale.
Bronchoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that
is guided down the throat.
Cancer staging
Ratings of the growth and spread of
tumors.
Cardiac stress test
A test of how well your heart works
during exercise.
Cells
The “building blocks” of tissues in
the body.
Chemotherapy
Drugs that stop the growth process of
cells in an active growth phase.
Chemotherapy cycle
Days of treatment followed by days
of rest.
Chest wall
The layer of muscles and bones under
the skin that covers the chest area.
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