NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 45

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Version 1.2012
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Part 9: Dictionary
Chrysotile
asbestos
Long, curly asbestos fibers.
Clinical stage
Rating of the extent of a tumor based
on tests before treatment.
Computed tomography (CT) scan
A test that uses x-rays from many
angles to view a body part.
Conformal radiation therapy
Radiation beams are shaped to match
the shape of the cancer using imaging
scans.
Contrast
A dye put into your body to make
clearer pictures during imaging tests.
Core biopsy
Removal of a larger sample of tissue
using a wide needle to be tested for
disease.
Crocidolite asbestos
Straight, brittle, needle-like
asbestos fibers.
CT-guided biopsy
Use of pictures from a CT scan to find
the right spot to remove a sample of
tissue or fluid to test for disease.
Cytokeratin
A type of protein found on cells that
line the inside and outside surfaces of
the body.
Diagnosis
To identify a disease.
Diagnostic imaging specialist
A person trained to read pictures of
the body made by imaging tests.
Diaphragm
A sheet of muscles below the ribs that
helps a person to breathe.
Distant metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to a far site.
Electrocardiography (ECG)
machine
A machine that measures the
electrical activity of the heart during
exercise.
Endobronchial ultrasound–guided
fine-needle aspiration (EBUS-FNA)
Removal of tissue with a needle at the
end of a long, thin tube guided down
the main airway using imaging tests.
Epithelioid subtype
The most common subtype of pleural
mesothelioma; epithelioid cells are
organized and structured.
Erionite
A mineral fiber similar to a type of
straight, brittle, needle-like asbestos
fiber.
External beam radiation therapy
(EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a
machine outside the body.
Extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP)
Surgery that removes the affected
lung and all its tissue lining, the sheet
of muscles below, and sometimes the
tissue lining around the heart.
First-line treatment
The first set of treatments given to
treat a disease.
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