NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 46

46
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Version 1.2012
Part 9: Dictionary
18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)
A solution of fluoride and glucose
(sugar) put in your body to make
cancer show up better on certain
imaging tests.
General anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness
from drugs.
Histologic subtype
Grouping of cancer types based
on differences in the structure and
organization of cells.
Hives
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by
the body ridding itself of an invader.
Hospice care
Treatment only to reduce symptoms
caused by cancer without treating the
cancer itself.
Imaging tests
Tests that take pictures of the inside
of the body.
Inflammation
Redness, heat, pain, and swelling
from injury or infection.
Intensity-modulated radiation
therapy (IMRT)
Radiation therapy that uses small
beams of different strengths based on
the thickness of the tissue.
Lobe
A clearly seen division in an organ or
part of the body.
Local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small
area of the body from drugs.
Lung
An organ in the body made of airways
and air sacs.
Lymph
A clear fluid containing white blood
cells.
Lymph node sampling
Removal of one group of disease-
fighting cells from a cluster.
Lymph nodes
Small groups of special disease-
fighting cells located throughout the
body.
Lymph vessels
Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph
throughout the body.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and
powerful magnets to see the shape
and function of body parts.
Mediastinal lymph nodes
Groups of disease-fighting cells in the
middle of the chest.
Mediastinoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools to
work inside the chest.
Mediastinoscopy
Use of a thin tool inserted above the
breastbone to do work in the middle of
the chest.
Mediastinum
The area of the chest between the
lungs.
Medical history
All health events and medications
taken to date.
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