NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 47

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Version 1.2012
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Part 9: Dictionary
Medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in
cancer drugs.
Mesothelioma
A rare cancer that starts in the thin
layer of tissue that covers most
organs.
Mesothelium
A single layer of cells that makes
lubricating fluid.
Metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the
first tumor to another body part.
Multidisciplinary team
A team that includes a number
of doctors and other health care
professionals who are experts in
different areas of cancer treatment.
Neoadjuvant treatment
The treatment given before the main
treatment used to cure disease.
Observation
A period of testing right after treatment
to check that treatment worked; or
testing to monitor cancer to decide
when to start treatment.
Open biopsy
A procedure that uses a surgical cut
to remove samples of tissue or fluid to
test for disease.
Oxygen
A gas in the air that the body needs
to live.
Parietal pleura
The outer layer of the tissue lining
around the lungs.
Pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing
cells to find disease.
Perfusion
scanning
A test that assesses blood flow in and
out of the lungs.
Pericardium
The tissue lining around the heart.
Peritoneum
The tissue lining around the organs in
the belly area.
Physical exam
A review of the body by a health
expert for signs of disease.
Pleura
The tissue lining around the lungs.
Pleural biopsy
The removal of a sample of the
tissue lining around the lungs to
test for disease.
Pleural catheter
A tube that drains fluid from the chest.
Pleural cavity
The space between the two layers
of tissue lining around the lungs.
Pleural effusion
Excess fluid between the two layers
of tissue lining around the lungs.
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