NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 48

48
NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
: Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma
Version 1.2012
Part 9: Dictionary
Pleural fluid
The liquid in the space between
the two layers of the tissue lining
around the lungs.
Pleural mesothelioma
Cancer that starts in the tissue lining
around the lungs.
Pleural mesothelium
One layer of cells in the tissue
lining around the lungs that makes
lubricating fluid.
Pleural plaque
A concentrated area of scarring
in the tissue lining the lungs.
Pleural thickening
Widespread scarring in the tissue
lining the lungs.
Pleurectomy/decortication (P/D)
Surgery that removes the tumor and
affected part of the tissue lining the
lung.
Positron emission tomography
(PET)
A test that uses radioactive material
to see the function of body parts.
Primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the
body of cancer.
Primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in
the body.
Prognosis
The course and outcome of a disease.
Progression
When cancer grows or spreads in the
body.
Protocol
A detailed plan of a medical study,
treatment, or procedure.
Proton beam therapy
Radiation therapy that uses protons to
treat a disease.
Pulmonary function tests
A set of breathing tests to test the
strength of the lungs.
Pulmonologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating
lung diseases.
Radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating
cancer with radiation.
Radiation therapy
The use of radiation to treat cancer.
Radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading
imaging tests.
Radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the
body to make pictures clearer.
Recurrence
The return of cancer after treatment.
Risk factor
Something that increases the chance
of getting a disease.
Sarcomatoid subtype
The type of pleural mesothelioma with
random and irregular cell shapes.
Second-line treatment
The next treatment(s) given when
first-line treatment fails.
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