NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 50

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
Dictionary
18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)
A solution of fluoride and glucose (sugar) put in your body to
make cancer show up better on certain imaging tests.
abdomen
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
abrams needle biopsy
A biopsy with a type of needle designed to limit the amount
of air that enters tissue.
adjuvant treatment
A treatment given after the main treatment used to cure
disease.
advance directive
Written statements about your wishes for health care should
you become unable to make these wishes known at a later
time.
allergic reaction
Symptoms caused by an immune reaction—action of the
body’s natural defense against infection and disease in
response to a foreign substance in the body.
amosite asbestos
Straight, brittle, needle-like asbestos fibers.
amphibole asbestos
A group of asbestos fibers that are straight, needle-like, and
brittle.
anesthesia
Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness caused by
drugs.
artery
A tube that carries blood from the heart to organs throughout
the body.
asbestos
A group of minerals made of tiny fibers that are strong,
flexible, and resistant to heat.
biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for
disease.
biphasic (mixed) subtype
A mesothelioma cell subtype in which some cells are uniform
and in organized patterns (epithelioid subtype) and some
cells are spindle-shaped and in disorganized patterns
(sarcomatoid subtype).
blood vessel
A tube that circulates blood throughout the body.
board-certified
A status to identify doctors who finished training in a
specialized field of medicine.
body plethysmograph
A test that measures how much air your lungs can hold and
how much air is in your lungs after you exhale.
bronchoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is guided down the
mouth.
cancer stage
A rating or description of the growth and spread of cancer in
the body.
cardiac stress test
A test of how well your heart works during exercise.
cell subtype
Classification based on the size, shape, and structure of
cells.
cells
The building blocks of tissues in the body.
chemotherapy
Drugs that kill fast-growing cells throughout the body,
including cancer cells and normal cells.
chemotherapy cycle
Days of treatment followed by days of rest.
chest wall
The layer of muscles and bones under the skin that covers
the chest area.
chrysotile asbestos
Long, curly asbestos fibers.
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