NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 51

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
computed tomography (CT) scan
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
conformal radiation therapy
Radiation beams are shaped to match the shape of the
cancer using imaging scans.
contrast
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
imaging tests.
core biopsy
Removal of a larger sample of tissue using a wide needle to
be tested for disease.
crocidolite asbestos
Straight, brittle, needle-like asbestos fibers.
CT-guided core biopsy
Use of pictures from a CT (
c
omputed
t
omography) scan to
find the right spot to remove a sample of tissue or fluid to test
for disease.
diagnose
To identify a disease.
diagnostic imaging specialist
A person trained to read pictures of the body made by
imaging tests.
diaphragm
A sheet of muscles below the ribs that helps a person to
breathe.
electrocardiography (ECG) machine
A machine that measures the electrical activity of the heart
during exercise.
endobronchial ultrasound–guided fine-needle
aspiration (EBUS-FNA)
Removal of tissue with a needle at the end of a long, thin
tube guided down the main airway using imaging tests.
epithelioid subtype
The most common cell subtype of pleural mesothelioma;
cells of the epithelioid subtype are uniform and in organized
patterns.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) received from a machine outside the body.
extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP)
Surgery that removes the affected lung and all its tissue
lining, the sheet of muscles below, and sometimes the tissue
lining around the heart.
first-line treatment
The first set of treatments given to treat a disease.
gene mutation
Abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
general anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
genes
The coded instructions in cells for making and controlling
cells.
histologic subtype
Grouping of cancer types based on differences in the
structure and organization of cells.
hives
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by an allergic reaction—
action of the body’s natural defense against infection and
disease in response to a foreign substance in the body.
hospice care
Treatment focused on reducing symptoms caused by cancer
without treating the cancer itself.
imaging tests
Tests that take pictures of the inside of the body.
inflammation
Redness, heat, pain, and swelling from injury or infection.
intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) that uses small beams of different strengths based on
the thickness of the tissue.
laparoscope
A thin, lighted tube with a lens for viewing and tools to
remove samples of tissue.
laparoscopy
A type of surgery used to view the inside of the belly area
(abdomen) and take biopsy samples of organs and tissues.
lobe
A clearly seen division in an organ or part of the body.
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