NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 52

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
local anesthesia
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body from
drugs.
lung
An organ in the body made of airways and air sacs.
lymph
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
lymph node sampling
Removal of one group of disease-fighting cells from a cluster.
lymph nodes
Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.
lymph vessels
Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph throughout the body.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make
pictures of the inside of the body showing the shape and
function of body parts.
mediastinal lymph nodes
Groups of disease-fighting cells in the middle of the chest.
mediastinoscope
A thin, long tube fitted with tools to do work inside the chest.
mediastinoscopy
Use of a long, thin tool inserted through a small cut above
the breastbone to view organs inside the middle of the chest
and remove tissue.
mediastinum
The area of the chest between the lungs.
medical history
All health events and medications taken to date.
medical oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in the medical therapies for cancer.
mesothelioma
A rare cancer that starts in the thin layer of tissue that covers
most organs inside the body.
mesothelium
A single layer of cells that makes lubricating fluid and that
lines most organs inside the body.
metastasis
The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to another
body part.
multidisciplinary team
A team that includes a number of doctors and other health
care professionals who are experts in different areas of
cancer treatment.
neoadjuvant treatment
The treatment given before the main treatment used to cure
disease.
observation
A period of testing right after treatment to check that
treatment worked; or testing to monitor cancer to decide
when to start treatment.
open biopsy
A procedure that uses a surgical cut to remove samples of
tissue or fluid to test for disease.
oxygen
A gas in the air that the body needs to live.
parietal pleura
The outer layer of the tissue lining around the lungs.
pathologist
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
disease.
perfusion scanning
A test that assesses blood flow in and out of the lungs.
pericardium
The tissue lining around the heart.
peritoneum
The tissue lining around the organs in the belly area.
pleura
The tissue lining around the lungs.
pleural biopsy
The removal of a sample of the tissue lining around the lungs
to test for disease.
pleural catheter
A tube that drains fluid from the chest.
pleural cavity
The space between the two layers of tissue lining around the
lungs.
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