NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 53

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
pleural effusion
Excess fluid between the two layers of tissue lining around
the lungs.
pleural fluid
The liquid in the space between the two layers of the tissue
lining the lungs.
pleural mesothelioma
Cancer that starts in the tissue lining around the lungs.
pleural mesothelium
One layer of cells in the tissue lining around the lungs that
makes lubricating fluid.
pleural plaque
A concentrated area of scarring in the tissue lining the lungs.
pleural thickening
Widespread scarring in the tissue lining the lungs.
pleurectomy/decortication (P/D)
Surgery that removes the tumor and affected part of the
tissue lining the lung.
positron emission tomography (PET)
A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and
function of organs and tissues inside the body.
primary treatment
The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.
primary tumor
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
prognosis
The likely course and outcome of a disease.
protocol
A detailed plan of a medical study, treatment, or procedure.
proton beam therapy
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) that uses protons to treat a disease.
pulmonary function tests
A set of breathing tests to test the strength of the lungs.
pulmonologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating lung diseases.
radiation oncologist
A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation
(use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells).
radiation therapy
The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
radiologist
A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests.
radiotracer
Matter with energy that is put into the body to make pictures
clearer.
response
An outcome or improvement related to treatment.
risk factor
Something that increases the chance of getting a disease.
sarcomatoid subtype
A cell subtype of pleural mesothelioma that is less common;
cells of the sarcomatoid subtype are spindle-shaped and in
disorganized patterns.
second-line treatment
The next treatment(s) given when the first treatment fails.
sequential treatment
One treatment is given after another, rather than both being
given at the same time.
serpentine asbestos
A group of asbestos fibers that are long, curly, and unlikely to
break.
side effect
An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response
to treatment.
simulation
The steps needed to prepare for radiation therapy.
soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP)
A protein in cells of the mesothelium (the tissue lining of most
organs in the body) that can be measured in the blood.
spine
The bones, muscles, and other tissues along the back from
the base of the skull to the tailbone.
spirometry
A test that uses a tube to measure how fast you breathe.
sternum
A flat bone in the center of the chest; also called the
breastbone.
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