NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma - page 54

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
supportive care
Treatment for symptoms of cancer or side effects of cancer
treatment.
surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in operations to remove or repair a
part of the body.
surgery
An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.
surgical exploration
A procedure that looks inside your body to assess the extent
of the cancer to see if surgical treatment to remove all of the
cancer is possible.
talc pleurodesis
A medical procedure that puts powder in the area between
the two layers of tissue lining the lungs to seal the layers
together to stop fluid buildup.
thoracentesis
Use of a needle inserted between the ribs to remove fluid
around the lungs.
thoracic surgeon
A doctor who’s an expert in operating on organs inside the
chest.
thoracoscope
A thin, lighted tube with a lens and tools to view and remove
samples of tissue from the chest.
thoracoscopic biopsy
Use of thin, tube-shaped tools with a light and lens for
viewing inserted through a small cut in the chest to remove
tissue to test for disease. Also called VATS biopsy.
three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
(3D-CRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) that uses beams that match the shape of the tumor.
tomotherapy
A type of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (use of high-
energy rays to destroy cancer cells) that takes pictures of the
tumor and delivers radiation.
treatment plan
A written course of action through cancer treatment and
beyond.
tumor
An overgrowth of cells.
ultrasound
A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the inside of
the body.
video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)
biopsy
Use of thin tools inserted through one or more small cuts in
the chest to remove tissue to test for disease.
visceral pleura
The inner layer of tissue lining around the lungs.
white blood cell
A type of blood cell that fights infection.
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