NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 11

NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Multiple Myeloma
Version 1.2012
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1.5 Tools
American Cancer Society
Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation
National Cancer Institute
• Plasma cells make antibodies that help to fight infections.
• Myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells.
• Myeloma cells make too many copies of themselves.
• One mass of myeloma cells is called a solitary plasmacytoma. Myeloma cells that are
spread throughout bone marrow are called multiple myeloma.
• Myeloma cells make abnormal antibodies called M-proteins that don’t help to fight germs.
• Smoldering myeloma doesn’t cause symptoms.
• Active myeloma causes symptoms by taking over bone marrow and destroying bone.
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