NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 14

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
1
About multiple myeloma
Websites | Review
Websites
American Cancer Society
Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation
National Cancer Institute
NCCN
Review
• Myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells.
• Plasma cells make antibodies that help to fight
infections and play an important role in bone
repair.
• Myeloma cells make too many copies of
themselves.
• Myeloma cells make abnormal antibodies called
M-proteins that don’t help to fight germs.
• One mass of myeloma cells is called a solitary
plasmacytoma.
• When myeloma cells have spread throughout the
bone marrow, it is called multiple myeloma.
• Smoldering myeloma doesn’t cause symptoms.
• Active myeloma causes symptoms by taking over
bone marrow and destroying bone.
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