NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Treatments for myeloma
Adjunctive treatment is another treatment given at
the same time as the main cancer treatment. It is
given to treat the symptoms of myeloma and side
effects of myeloma treatment. Adjunctive treatment is
an important part of overall myeloma therapy. Some
of the ways to treat the health conditions caused by
myeloma and myeloma treatment are described next.
Multiple myeloma often weakens and destroys
bones. Therefore, if you are receiving primary
myeloma therapy, you should also receive drugs
called bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonates are
injected directly into a vein (intravenously). They
help strengthen bones and decrease the frequency
of complications, such as fractures. However,
these drugs can also cause side effects, including
osteonecrosis of the jaw.
Complementary and alternative medicine
You may hear about other treatments from your family and
friends. They may suggest using CAM (
edicine). CAM is a group of treatments that
aren’t often given by doctors. There is much interest today in
CAM for cancer. Many CAMs are being studied to see if they
are truly helpful.
Complementary medicines are treatments given along with
usual medical treatments. While CAMs aren’t known to kill
cancer cells, they may improve your comfort and well-being.
Two examples are acupuncture for pain management and
yoga for relaxation.
Alternative medicine is used in place of usual medicine.
Some alternative medicines are sold as cures even though
they haven’t been proven to work. If there was good proof
that CAMs or other treatments cured cancer, they would be
included in this booklet.
It is important to tell your treatment team if you are using any
CAMs. They can tell you which CAMs may be helpful and
which CAMs may limit how well treatments work.