NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 38

NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Genetic counseling | Treatment
Treatments for myeloma
Website | Review
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
International Myeloma Foundation
Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation
• Surgery and radiation therapy are used when
there is a single mass of myeloma cells.
• Drugs can be used to kill myeloma cells
anywhere in the body.
• Chemotherapy drugs kill fast-growing cells,
including cancer cells and normal cells.
• Targeted drugs stop cancer cells from getting
food or signals to grow.
• Stem cell transplants replace damaged or
diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells.
• An autologous stem cell transplant uses your
own stem cells.
• An allogeneic stem cell transplant uses stem
cells from another person, called a donor.
• Adjunctive treatment for the symptoms caused
by myeloma is very important.
• A clinical trial studies a test or treatment to see
how safe it is and how well it works.
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