NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 68

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
Dictionary
active myeloma
Myeloma that has spread throughout the bone marrow (soft
tissue in the center of bones where blood cells are made)
and is causing symptoms.
adjunctive treatment
Medicine for symptoms of myeloma and side effects of
myeloma treatment that is given at the same time as the
main cancer treatment.
albumin
The main protein in blood plasma (yellowish part of blood).
allogeneic stem cell transplant
A treatment in which the patient receives healthy, immature
blood-forming cells (blood stem cells) from another person.
alternative medicine
Treatments used in place of ones usually given by doctors.
amyloid
An abnormal protein formed by clumps of excess light chains
that can damage organs.
amyloidosis
A health condition in which a protein called amyloid builds up
in and damages organs.
anemia
A health condition in which the number of red blood cells is
low.
anesthesia
Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness caused by
drugs.
antibiotic
A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria.
antibody
Protein made by plasma cells (a type of white blood
cell) that helps the body fight off infections. Also called
immunoglobulin.
apheresis
A procedure in which stem cells are removed from blood.
asymptomatic
Having no signs or symptoms of disease.
autologous stem cell transplant
A cancer treatment that removes, stores, then returns a
patient’s immature blood-forming cells (blood stem cells).
B-cell
A type of white blood cell that turns into a plasma cell in
response to germs.
Bence Jones myeloma
Condition in which myeloma cells make only free light
chains and no complete M-proteins. Also called light chain
myeloma.
beta-2 microglobulin
A small protein made by many cells, including white blood
cells and myeloma cells.
biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue from the body to be
tested for disease.
bisphosphonates
Drugs that help improve bone strength and prevent loss of
bone mass.
blood chemistry test
A test that measures the amount of certain substances in the
blood to check for signs of disease.
blood clot
A mass of blood that forms when blood platelets, proteins,
and cells stick together.
blood stem cell
An immature cell from which all other types of blood cells are
made.
blood test
A test done on a sample of blood to check for signs of
disease.
blood thinner
A drug that thins out the blood to treat or reduce the risk of
blood clots.
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