NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 69

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
A waste product made by the liver and filtered out of blood
into urine by the kidneys.
bloodstream
Blood that flows throughout the body in small tubes called
blood vessels.
bone densitometry
A test that uses x-rays to make pictures that show how
strong or thin bones are.
bone lesion
An area of bone damage or abnormal tissue in the bone.
bone marrow
The soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones
where blood cells are made.
bone marrow aspiration
The removal of a small amount of liquid bone marrow (soft
tissue in the center of bones where blood cells are made) to
test for disease.
bone marrow biopsy
The removal of a small amount of solid bone and bone
marrow (soft tissue in the center of bones where blood cells
are made) to test for disease.
bone survey
A set of x-rays of the entire skeleton to look for broken or
damaged bones. Also called skeletal survey.
calcium
A mineral needed for healthy teeth, bones, and other body
tissues.
cells
The “building blocks” of tissues in the body.
central venous catheter
A thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a vein in the upper
arm, thigh, neck or below the collarbone.
chemotherapy
Drugs that kill fast-growing cells throughout the body,
including normal cells and cancer cells.
chromosomes
Long strands that contain bundles of coded instructions in
cells for making and controlling cells.
clinical trial
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
combination regimen
The use of two or more drugs.
complementary medicine
Treatment that is given along with standard treatment but is
not considered standard treatment.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
complete response
The end of all signs of cancer after treatment: no M-proteins
in blood or urine, less than 5 out of 100 cells in the bone
marrow are plasma cells, and no increase in the size and
number of bone lesions.
compression fracture
A break (fracture) in a bone caused by the collapse of bones
in the spine.
computed tomography (CT) scan
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
contrast
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
imaging tests.
core needle biopsy
Use of a wide, hollow needle to remove a large sample of
tissue from the body to test for cancer cells.
creatinine
A waste product of muscles that is filtered out of blood into
urine by the kidneys.
cryopreservation
The process of cooling and storing cells, tissues, or organs
at very cold temperatures.
cycle
Days of treatment followed by days of rest.
cytogenetics
Test that analyzes chromosomes (long strands of bundles
of genes) in cells to check for abnormal changes in genes
(coded instructions in cells for making and controlling cells).
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