NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 70

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients™: Multiple Myeloma
Version 1.2012
Part 8: Dictionary
Active myeloma
Myeloma that has spread throughout
the bone marrow and is causing
symptoms.
Adjunctive treatment
Medicine for symptoms of myeloma
that is given at the same time as
cancer treatment.
Albumin
The main protein in the yellowish part
of the blood.
Allogeneic stem cell transplant
A cancer treatment that transfers
blood-forming cells from a person to a
patient.
Alternative medicine
Treatments used in place of standard
treatments.
Amyloid
An abnormal protein formed by
clumps of excess light chains that can
damage organs.
Amyloidosis
A health condition in which a protein
called amyloid builds up in and
damages organs.
Anemia
A health condition in which the
number of red blood cells is low.
Anesthesia
Loss of feeling with or without loss of
wakefulness.
Antibiotic
Medication used to treat infections
caused by bacteria.
Antibodies
Proteins that help the body
fight off infections. Also called
immunoglobulins.
Anticoagulant
Drugs that thin the blood to reduce the
risk of blood clots.
Apheresis
A procedure in which stem cells are
removed from blood.
Asymptomatic
Having no signs or symptoms of
disease.
Autologous stem cell transplant
A cancer treatment that removes,
stores, then returns a patient’s blood-
forming cells.
B-cells
A type of white blood cell that turns
into a plasma cell in response to
germs.
Bence Jones myeloma
Myeloma cells that make only
free light chains and no complete
M-proteins. Also called light chain
myeloma.
Beta-2 microglobulin
A small protein made by many cells,
including white blood cells and
myeloma cells.
Biopsy
Removal of small amounts of tissue or
fluid to be tested for disease.
Bisphosphonates
Drugs that help improve bone strength
and prevent loss of bone mass.
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