NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma - page 70

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NCCN Guidelines for Patients
®
Multiple Myeloma, Version 1.2014
Glossary
Dictionary
diagnosis
The process of identifying a disease.
donor
A person who gives blood, cells, tissue, or an organ to
another person.
donor lymphocyte infusion
Procedure in which the patient receives white blood cells
from the same person who donated blood-forming cells
(blood stem cells) for the stem cell transplant.
electrolytes
Minerals in blood that carry an electric charge and control
some body functions.
engraftment
When transplanted stem cells begin to make blood cells in
a patient’s bone marrow (soft tissue in the center of bones
where blood cells are made).
erythropoietin
A drug used to treat patients with low red blood cell counts.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer
cells) received from a machine outside the body.
extraosseous
Occurring outside the bone.
fatigue
Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep.
fat pad
The fat that is just under the skin of the belly area.
fine-needle aspiration biopsy
Use of a thin needle to remove a small amount of tissue from
the body to test for cancer cells.
fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
A lab test that assesses genes (coded instructions for
making and controlling cells) or chromosomes (long strands
containing bundles of genes) in cells to check for abnormal
changes in genes.
follow-up test
Tests done after the start of treatment to check how well
treatment is working.
fracture
A crack or break in a bone.
free light chain
The unattached, shorter fragments of M-proteins that are
made by myeloma cells.
gene
A set of coded instructions in cells needed to make new cells
and control how cells behave.
gene mutation
Abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
general anesthesia
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
genetic defect
Abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making and
controlling cells.
genetic tests
Tests of the instructions in cells for making and controlling
cells.
graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
A disease that occurs when transplanted stem cells
(immature blood-forming cells) attack a patient’s normal
cells.
graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect
An attack on cancer cells by transplanted stem cells
(immature blood-forming cells).
granulocyte
A type of white blood cell named for its small particles
(granules).
harvest
The process of removing blood stem cells from a person.
heavy chain
The longer protein chain that is part of an antibody (protein
that helps the body fight off infections).
hematologist
A doctor who’s an expert in diseases of the blood.
high-dose chemotherapy
Intensive drug treatment to kill cancer and disease-fighting
cells so transplanted stem cells aren’t rejected by the body.
hormone
A chemical in the body that activates cells or organs.
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